vue-eslint-parser

The ESLint custom parser for `.vue` files.

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vue-eslint-parser

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The ESLint custom parser for .vue files.

โคด๏ธ Motivation

This parser allows us to lint the <template> of .vue files. We can make mistakes easily on <template> if we use complex directives and expressions in the template. This parser and the rules of eslint-plugin-vue would catch some of the mistakes.

๐Ÿ’ฟ Installation

npm install --save-dev eslint vue-eslint-parser
  • Requires Node.js ^12.22.0, ^14.17.0, 16.0.0 or later.
  • Requires ESLint 6.0.0 or later.

๐Ÿ“– Usage

  1. Write parser option into your .eslintrc.* file.
  2. Use glob patterns or --ext .vue CLI option.
{
    "extends": "eslint:recommended",
    "parser": "vue-eslint-parser"
}
$ eslint "src/**/*.{js,vue}"
# or
$ eslint src --ext .vue

๐Ÿ”ง Options

parserOptions has the same properties as what espree, the default parser of ESLint, is supporting. For example:

{
    "parser": "vue-eslint-parser",
    "parserOptions": {
        "sourceType": "module",
        "ecmaVersion": 2018,
        "ecmaFeatures": {
            "globalReturn": false,
            "impliedStrict": false,
            "jsx": false
        }
    }
}

parserOptions.parser

You can use parserOptions.parser property to specify a custom parser to parse <script> tags. Other properties than parser would be given to the specified parser. For example:

{
    "parser": "vue-eslint-parser",
    "parserOptions": {
        "parser": "@babel/eslint-parser",
        "sourceType": "module"
    }
}
{
    "parser": "vue-eslint-parser",
    "parserOptions": {
        "parser": "@typescript-eslint/parser",
        "sourceType": "module"
    }
}

You can also specify an object and change the parser separately for <script lang="...">.

{
    "parser": "vue-eslint-parser",
    "parserOptions": {
        "parser": {
             // Script parser for `<script>`
            "js": "espree",

             // Script parser for `<script lang="ts">`
            "ts": "@typescript-eslint/parser",

             // Script parser for vue directives (e.g. `v-if=` or `:attribute=`)
             // and vue interpolations (e.g. `{{variable}}`).
             // If not specified, the parser determined by `<script lang ="...">` is used.
            "<template>": "espree",
        }
    }
}

If the parserOptions.parser is false, the vue-eslint-parser skips parsing <script> tags completely. This is useful for people who use the language ESLint community doesn't provide custom parser implementation.

parserOptions.vueFeatures

You can use parserOptions.vueFeatures property to specify how to parse related to Vue features. For example:

{
    "parser": "vue-eslint-parser",
    "parserOptions": {
        "vueFeatures": {
            "filter": true,
            "interpolationAsNonHTML": true,
            "styleCSSVariableInjection": true,
        }
    }
}

parserOptions.vueFeatures.filter

You can use parserOptions.vueFeatures.filter property to specify whether to parse the Vue2 filter. If you specify false, the parser does not parse | as a filter. For example:

{
    "parser": "vue-eslint-parser",
    "parserOptions": {
        "vueFeatures": {
            "filter": false
        }
    }
}

If you specify false, it can be parsed in the same way as Vue 3. The following template parses as a bitwise operation.

<template>
  <div>{{ a | b }}</div>
</template>

However, the following template that are valid in Vue 2 cannot be parsed.

<template>
  <div>{{ a | valid:filter }}</div>
</template>

parserOptions.vueFeatures.interpolationAsNonHTML

You can use parserOptions.vueFeatures.interpolationAsNonHTML property to specify whether to parse the interpolation as HTML. If you specify true, the parser handles the interpolation as non-HTML (However, you can use HTML escaping in the interpolation). Default is true. For example:

{
    "parser": "vue-eslint-parser",
    "parserOptions": {
        "vueFeatures": {
            "interpolationAsNonHTML": true
        }
    }
}

If you specify true, it can be parsed in the same way as Vue 3. The following template can be parsed well.

<template>
  <div>{{a<b}}</div>
</template>

But, it cannot be parsed with Vue 2.

parserOptions.vueFeatures.styleCSSVariableInjection

If set to true, to parse expressions in v-bind CSS functions inside <style> tags. v-bind() is parsed into the VExpressionContainer AST node and held in the VElement of <style>. Default is true.

See also to here.

๐ŸŽ‡ Usage for custom rules / plugins

  • This parser provides parserServices to traverse <template>.
    • defineTemplateBodyVisitor(templateVisitor, scriptVisitor, options) ... returns ESLint visitor to traverse <template>.
    • getTemplateBodyTokenStore() ... returns ESLint TokenStore to get the tokens of <template>.
    • getDocumentFragment() ... returns the root VDocumentFragment.
    • defineCustomBlocksVisitor(context, customParser, rule, scriptVisitor) ... returns ESLint visitor that parses and traverses the contents of the custom block.
    • defineDocumentVisitor(documentVisitor, options) ... returns ESLint visitor to traverses the document.
  • ast.md is <template> AST specification.
  • mustache-interpolation-spacing.js is an example.

defineTemplateBodyVisitor(templateBodyVisitor, scriptVisitor, options)

Arguments

  • templateBodyVisitor ... Event handlers for <template>.
  • scriptVisitor ... Event handlers for <script> or scripts. (optional)
  • options ... Options. (optional)
    • templateBodyTriggerSelector ... Script AST node selector that triggers the templateBodyVisitor. Default is "Program:exit". (optional)
import { AST } from "vue-eslint-parser"

export function create(context) {
    return context.parserServices.defineTemplateBodyVisitor(
        // Event handlers for <template>.
        {
            VElement(node: AST.VElement): void {
                //...
            }
        },
        // Event handlers for <script> or scripts. (optional)
        {
            Program(node: AST.ESLintProgram): void {
                //...
            }
        },
        // Options. (optional)
        {
            templateBodyTriggerSelector: "Program:exit"
        }
    )
}

โš ๏ธ Known Limitations

Some rules make warnings due to the outside of <script> tags. Please disable those rules for .vue files as necessary.

๐Ÿ“ฐ Changelog

๐Ÿป Contributing

Welcome contributing!

Please use GitHub's Issues/PRs.

If you want to write code, please execute npm install && npm run setup after you cloned this repository. The npm install command installs dependencies. The npm run setup command initializes ESLint as git submodules for tests.

Development Tools

  • npm test runs tests and measures coverage.
  • npm run build compiles TypeScript source code to index.js, index.js.map, and index.d.ts.
  • npm run coverage shows the coverage result of npm test command with the default browser.
  • npm run clean removes the temporary files which are created by npm test and npm run build.
  • npm run lint runs ESLint.
  • npm run setup setups submodules to develop.
  • npm run update-fixtures updates files in test/fixtures/ast directory based on test/fixtures/ast/*/source.vue files.
  • npm run watch runs build, update-fixtures, and tests with --watch option.

If you find any bugs or have a feature request, please open an issue on github!

The npm package download data comes from npm's download counts api and package details come from npms.io.