grafoo client internal helper for building framework bindings


26741.4.23 days ago3 years agoMinified + gzip package size for @grafoo/bindings in KB



Grafoo Bindings for Frameworks

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This packages purpose is to standardize how view layer integrations are implemented for Grafoo. @grafoo/bindings has only a default export that is a createBindings factory function that returns an interface that provides data and notify for changes.



Argument type Description
client GrafooClient a client nstance
props object a props object passed by the user (description below)
updater function a callback to notify for data changes


import createBindings from "@grafoo/bindings";
import createClient from "@grafoo/core";

function fetchQuery(query, variables) {
  const init = {
    method: "POST",
    body: JSON.stringify({ query, variables }),
    headers: {
      "content-type": "application/json"

  return fetch("http://some.graphql.api", init).then(res => res.json());

const client = createClient(fetchQuery);
const props = {};
const updater = () => {};

const bindings = createBindings(client, props, updater);

props argument

Name type Descrition
query object the query created with @grafoo/core/tag's template tag
variables object GraphQL variables object for the query
mutations object an object where mutations are declared (description below)
skip boolean whether the client should skip the query request


The mutations prop is a map of mutation objects that are shaped like so:

const createPost = {
  optimisticUpdate: ({ allPosts }, variables) => ({
    allPosts: [{ ...variables.postInput, id: "tempID" }, ...allPosts]
  update: ({ allPosts }, response) => ({
    allPosts: allPosts.map(p => (p.id === "tempID" ? response.post : p))

const mutations = { createPost };

A mutation object receives the following props:

Name Type Required Descrition
query object true a mutation query created with @grafoo/core/tag
update function false updates the cache when a request is completed (description below)
optimisticUpdate function false updates the cache before a request is completed (description below)

Each mutation will generate a single function that accepts a GraphQL variables object as argument and return a promise that will resolve with the mutation data or reject with GraphQL errors.

type MutationFn = (variables: Variables) => Promise<MutationData>;

Mutation query dependency

Important to notice that to update the cache update and optimistUpdate hooks depend on a query and it's variables object props (they need to be passed in the props object argument). If you need to perform a mutation but updating the cache is not strictly important you can just use the mutation promise resolved data or use the client instance directly.


type UpdateFn = (query: QueryData, data: MutationData) => CacheUpdate;

The mutation update function is resposible to update the cache when the request is completed. It receives as paremeters an object containing the data from the query it depends upon and the mutation result. update return type is an object that describes the changes to be made to the cache.


type OptimistcUpdateFn = (query: QueryData, variables: Variables) => CacheUpdate;

In modern UIs it's to be expected that every user interaction occur in a fraction of seconds. optimisticUpdate responsability is to skip the mutation network roundtrip and update the cache instantaneously, making sure such interactions are as fast as they can be. optimisticUpdate as in update takes as first paremater the depedent query data. As second paremater it receives the variables object with which it's correpondent generated mutation function was called. And again it should return an object that describes the changes to be made to cache.

If you want to perform an optimitic update you have to make sure that the data you are inserting contains the field or fields to extract a unique identifier. For instance, say @grafoo/babel-plugin idFields option is set to insert a property id. Is to be expected that your update has that field mocked.


The object returned by createBindings contains the following props.

Name type Descrition
client object the client instance
load function a method to execute a query with the query prop
loading boolean whether the client is executing a query or not
loaded boolean whether the query data is already cached
errors string[] an array of GraphQL errors from a failed request to your API

The remaining props are:

  • the data fetched by the client and shaped according to your query
  • mutation functions generated by the mutations object prop



If you find any bugs or have a feature request, please open an issue on github!

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