@gmod/gff

read and write GFF3 data as streams

Stats

StarsIssuesVersionUpdatedCreatedSize
@gmod/gff
831.1.23 years ago3 years agoMinified + gzip package size for @gmod/gff in KB

Readme

@gmod/gff

Generated with nod NPM version Build Status Coverage Status

Read and write GFF3 data performantly. This module aims to be a complete implementation of the GFF3 specification.

  • streaming parsing and streaming formatting
  • proper escaping and unescaping of attribute and column values
  • supports features with multiple locations and features with multiple parents
  • reconstructs feature hierarchies of both Parent and Derives_from relationships
  • parses FASTA sections
  • does no validation except for Parent and Derives_from relationships
  • only compatible with GFF3

Install

$ npm install --save @gmod/gff

Usage

const gff = require('@gmod/gff').default
// or in ES6 (recommended)
import gff from '@gmod/gff'

// parse a file from a file name
// parses only features and sequences by default,
// set options to parse directives and/or comments
gff.parseFile('path/to/my/file.gff3', { parseAll: true })
.on('data', data => {
  if (data.directive) {
    console.log('got a directive',data)
  }
  else if (data.comment) {
    console.log('got a comment',data)
  }
  else if (data.sequence) {
    console.log('got a sequence from a FASTA section')
  }
  else {
    console.log('got a feature',data)
  }
})

// parse a stream of GFF3 text
const fs = require('fs')
fs.createReadStream('path/to/my/file.gff3')
.pipe(gff.parseStream())
.on('data', data => {
  console.log('got item',data)
  return data
})
.on('end', () => {
  console.log('done parsing!')
})

// parse a string of gff3 synchronously
let stringOfGFF3 = fs
  .readFileSync('my_annotations.gff3')
  .toString()
let arrayOfThings = gff.parseStringSync(stringOfGFF3)

// format an array of items to a string
let stringOfGFF3 = gff.formatSync(arrayOfThings)

// format a stream of things to a stream of text.
// inserts sync marks automatically.
myStreamOfGFF3Objects
.pipe(gff.formatStream())
.pipe(fs.createWriteStream('my_new.gff3'))

// format a stream of things and write it to
// a gff3 file. inserts sync marks and a
// '##gff-version 3' header if one is not
// already present
myStreamOfGFF3Objects
.pipe(gff.formatFile('path/to/destination.gff3')

Object format

features

In GFF3, features can have more than one location. We parse features as arrayrefs of all the lines that share that feature's ID. Values that are . in the GFF3 are null in the output.

A simple feature that's located in just one place:

[
  {
    "seq_id": "ctg123",
    "source": null,
    "type": "gene",
    "start": 1000,
    "end": 9000,
    "score": null,
    "strand": "+",
    "phase": null,
    "attributes": {
      "ID": [
        "gene00001"
      ],
      "Name": [
        "EDEN"
      ]
    },
    "child_features": [],
    "derived_features": []
  }

A CDS called cds00001 located in two places:

[
  {
    "seq_id": "ctg123",
    "source": null,
    "type": "CDS",
    "start": 1201,
    "end": 1500,
    "score": null,
    "strand": "+",
    "phase": "0",
    "attributes": {
      "ID": [
        "cds00001"
      ],
      "Parent": [
        "mRNA00001"
      ]
    },
    "child_features": [],
    "derived_features": []
  },
  {
    "seq_id": "ctg123",
    "source": null,
    "type": "CDS",
    "start": 3000,
    "end": 3902,
    "score": null,
    "strand": "+",
    "phase": "0",
    "attributes": {
      "ID": [
        "cds00001"
      ],
      "Parent": [
        "mRNA00001"
      ]
    },
    "child_features": [],
    "derived_features": []
  }
]

directives

parseDirective("##gff-version 3\n")
// returns
{
  "directive": "gff-version",
  "value": "3"
}
parseDirective('##sequence-region ctg123 1 1497228\n')
// returns
{
  "directive": "sequence-region",
  "value": "ctg123 1 1497228",
  "seq_id": "ctg123",
  "start": "1",
  "end": "1497228"
}

comments

parseComment('# hi this is a comment\n')
// returns
{
  "comment": "hi this is a comment"
}

sequences

These come from any embedded ##FASTA section in the GFF3 file.

{
  "id": "ctgA",
  "description": "test contig",
  "sequence": "ACTGACTAGCTAGCATCAGCGTCGTAGCTATTATATTACGGTAGCCA"
}

API

parseStream

Parse a stream of text data into a stream of feature, directive, and comment objects.

Parameters

  • options Object optional options object (optional, default {})
    • options.encoding string text encoding of the input GFF3. default 'utf8'
    • options.parseAll boolean default false. if true, will parse all items. overrides other flags
    • options.parseFeatures boolean default true
    • options.parseDirectives boolean default false
    • options.parseComments boolean default false
    • options.parseSequences boolean default true
    • options.bufferSize Number maximum number of GFF3 lines to buffer. defaults to 1000

Returns ReadableStream stream (in objectMode) of parsed items

parseFile

Read and parse a GFF3 file from the filesystem.

Parameters

  • filename string the filename of the file to parse
  • options Object optional options object
    • options.encoding string the file's string encoding, defaults to 'utf8'
    • options.parseAll boolean default false. if true, will parse all items. overrides other flags
    • options.parseFeatures boolean default true
    • options.parseDirectives boolean default false
    • options.parseComments boolean default false
    • options.parseSequences boolean default true
    • options.bufferSize Number maximum number of GFF3 lines to buffer. defaults to 1000

Returns ReadableStream stream (in objectMode) of parsed items

parseStringSync

Synchronously parse a string containing GFF3 and return an arrayref of the parsed items.

Parameters

  • str string
  • inputOptions Object optional options object (optional, default {})
    • inputOptions.parseAll boolean default false. if true, will parse all items. overrides other flags
    • inputOptions.parseFeatures boolean default true
    • inputOptions.parseDirectives boolean default false
    • inputOptions.parseComments boolean default false
    • inputOptions.parseSequences boolean default true

Returns Array array of parsed features, directives, and/or comments

formatSync

Format an array of GFF3 items (features,directives,comments) into string of GFF3. Does not insert synchronization (###) marks.

Parameters

  • items

Returns String the formatted GFF3

formatStream

Format a stream of items (of the type produced by this script) into a stream of GFF3 text.

Inserts synchronization (###) marks automatically.

Parameters

  • options Object
    • options.minSyncLines Object minimum number of lines between ### marks. default 100
    • options.insertVersionDirective Boolean if the first item in the stream is not a ##gff-version directive, insert one. default false

formatFile

Format a stream of items (of the type produced by this script) into a GFF3 file and write it to the filesystem.

Inserts synchronization (###) marks and a ##gff-version directive automatically (if one is not already present).

Parameters

  • stream ReadableStream the stream to write to the file
  • filename String the file path to write to
  • options Object (optional, default {})
    • options.encoding String default 'utf8'. encoding for the written file
    • options.minSyncLines Number minimum number of lines between sync (###) marks. default 100
    • options.insertVersionDirective Boolean if the first item in the stream is not a ##gff-version directive, insert one. default true

Returns Promise promise for the written filename

util

There is also a util module that contains super-low-level functions for dealing with lines and parts of lines.

// non-ES6
const util = require('@gmod/gff').default.util
// or, with ES6
import gff from '@gmod/gff'
const util = gff.util

const gff3Lines = util.formatItem({
  seq_id: 'ctgA',
  ...
}))

unescape

Unescape a string value used in a GFF3 attribute.

Parameters

Returns String

escape

Escape a value for use in a GFF3 attribute value.

Parameters

Returns String

parseAttributes

Parse the 9th column (attributes) of a GFF3 feature line.

Parameters

Returns Object

parseFeature

Parse a GFF3 feature line

Parameters

parseDirective

Parse a GFF3 directive line.

Parameters

Returns Object the information in the directive

formatAttributes

Format an attributes object into a string suitable for the 9th column of GFF3.

Parameters

formatFeature

Format a feature object or array of feature objects into one or more lines of GFF3.

Parameters

  • featureOrFeatures

formatDirective

Format a directive into a line of GFF3.

Parameters

Returns String

formatComment

Format a comment into a GFF3 comment. Yes I know this is just adding a # and a newline.

Parameters

Returns String

formatSequence

Format a sequence object as FASTA

Parameters

Returns String formatted single FASTA sequence

formatItem

Format a directive, comment, or feature, or array of such items, into one or more lines of GFF3.

Parameters

License

MIT © Robert Buels

If you find any bugs or have a feature request, please open an issue on github!

The npm package download data comes from npm's download counts api and package details come from npms.io.