An express middleware that can be used for healthchecks


1.0.05 years ago5 years agoMinified + gzip package size for @coates/express-healthcheck-middleware in KB


Express Healthcheck Middleware

What it is

This module can be plugged into express applications to expose a health check endpoint for external services.

How to use it

This module will export a middleware generator. The generator can be used by itself or by passing in an optional argument. The generator returns an express Middleware function with parameters req and res

By default the generator will export a middleware that returns the following json object when triggered

Paramter Description Default values
version The current version of the application process.env.VERSION or null if that is undefined
status The text health status 'ok' or 'error'
statusCode The HTTP status code 200 or 500
uptime The uptime of the node application float eg 50.301

Extra Optional Arguments

Paramter Description Example values
data Only checked on Error objects { connection: false }

The status, statusCode can be overriden if a test function returns the values.


The options argument contains the following parameters


  • A function returning a promise (or just a regular synchronous function) that can run any extra tests.
  • This should resolve or reject with a Object containing any extra information to display.
  • status, statusCode attributes can be returned to override the defaults noted above
  • If an error is thrown it will be caught and return the Error.message + a 500 statusCode obj along with anything put into Error.data

If a non object is returned from this function then the middleware will wrap it in the in a data object with the key info

EG return 'this is a message' becomes

  data: {
    info: 'this is a message'


Basic use

const healthCheckMiddlewareGenerator = require('express-healthcheck-middleware');
const healthCheckMiddleware = healthCheckMiddlewareGenerator();

app.use('/health', healthCheckMiddleware);

This example will also run an extra test case of checking if the Database connection is alive. (Assume the function checkDB resolves to a object with connection of true or false)

const healthCheckMiddlewareGenerator = require('express-healthcheck-middleware');
const extraTestFunction = function() {
  return new Promise((resolve, reject) => {
      .then(data => {
        if (data.connection === true) {
          resolve({ databaseConnection: true })
        } else {
          let error = new Error("Database is not connected")
          error.data = { databaseConnection: data.connection }
          error.statusCode = 501;
          error.status = 'warning';

const healthCheckMiddleware = healthCheckMiddlewareGenerator({ testFunction: extraTestFunction });

app.use('/health', healthCheckMiddleware);


Running this command will startup a docker container mounting your source into /home/ You can then cd into /home and dev as normal. Care should be taken for root files when creating them within the container.

docker run -it -v $PWD/:/home/ --rm node bash

NPM commands

  • npm install to install the application for development
  • npm test to run all tests
  • npm run example to load up a server with an example use (see examples/server.js)


  • Add function to manipulate/format final json data.
  • Add more error handling

If you find any bugs or have a feature request, please open an issue on github!

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