@blacklane/sarcastic

Cast unknown values to typed values

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950Sep 29, 2018Jun 10, 2018Minified + gzip package size for @blacklane/sarcastic in KB

Readme

Sarcastic

Cast unknown values to typed values

  • Asserts that a value matches the defined type
  • Returns a typed value
  • Copies the value for type safety

Install

yarn add sarcastic

Usage

const is = require('sarcastic');

const PKG_SHAPE = is.shape({
  name: is.string,
  version: is.string,
  private: is.default(is.boolean, false),
  scripts: is.maybe(is.objectOf(is.string)),
  bin: is.maybe(is.either(is.string, is.arrayOf(is.string))),
});

let pkg = is(require('./package.json'), PKG_SHAPE);
// {
//   name: "sarcastic",
//   version: "1.0.0",
//   private: false,
//   scripts: { "test": "ava" },
//   bin: null
// }

With strict typing:

import is, { type AssertionType } from 'sarcastic';

const PKG_SHAPE = is.shape({
  name: is.string,
  version: is.string,
  private: is.maybe(is.boolean),
  scripts: is.maybe(is.objectOf(is.string)),
  bin: is.maybe(is.either(is.string, is.arrayOf(is.string))),
});

type PkgShape = AssertionType<typeof PKG_SHAPE>;

function assertPkg(pkg: mixed): PkgShape {
  return is(pkg, PKG_SHAPE, 'pkg');
}

let pkg = assertPkg(require('./package.json'));

API

is(val, assertion, name?)

is(true, is.boolean);
is(true, is.boolean, "example");

is.boolean

is(true, is.boolean); // returns true
is(false, is.boolean); // returns false
is(42, is.boolean); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.number

is(42, is.number); // returns 42
is(NaN, is.number); // returns NaN
is(true, is.number); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.string

is("", is.string), ""); // returns ""
is("hi", is.string); // returns "hi"
is(true, is.string); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.array

is([], is.array); // returns []
is([1, 2, 3], is.array); // returns [1, 2, 3]
is({}, is.array); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.func

is(() => {}, is.func); // returns () => {}
is({}, is.func); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError
is(/regex/, is.func); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.object

is({}, is.object); // returns {}
is({ foo: true }, is.object); // returns { foo: true }
is([], is.object); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError
is(null, is.object); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.arrayOf(assertion)

is([], is.arrayOf(is.number)); // returns []
is([1, 2, 3], is.arrayOf(is.number)); // returns [1, 2, 3]
is({}, is.arrayOf(is.number)); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError
is(["hi"], is.arrayOf(is.number)); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.arrayish(assertion)

is(1, is.arrayish(is.number)); // returns [1]
is([], is.arrayish(is.number)); // returns []
is([1, 2, 3], is.arrayish(is.number)); // returns [1, 2, 3]
is("hi", is.arrayish(is.number)); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError
is({}, is.arrayish(is.number)); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError
is(["hi"], is.arrayish(is.number)); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.objectOf(assertion)

is({}, is.objectOf(is.boolean)); // returns {}
is({ foo: true }, is.objectOf(is.boolean)); // returns { foo: true }
is([], is.objectOf(is.boolean)); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError
is(null, is.objectOf(is.boolean)); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError
is({ foo: 42 }, is.objectOf(is.boolean)); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.shape({ [key: string]: assertion })

let myShape = is.shape({ foo: is.boolean });

is({ foo: true }, myShape); // returns { foo: true
is({ foo: true, bar: false }, myShape); // returns { foo: true }
is([], myShape); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError
is(null, myShape); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError
is({ foo: 42 }, myShape); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.maybe(assertion)

is(undefined, is.maybe(is.boolean)); // returns null
is(null, is.maybe(is.boolean)); // returns null
is(true, is.maybe(is.boolean)); // returns true
is(42, is.maybe(is.boolean)); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.default(assertion, defaultValue)

is(undefined, is.default(is.number, 42)); // returns 42
is(null, is.default(is.number, 42)); // returns 42
is(3.14, is.default(is.number, 42)); // returns 3.14
is("hi", is.default(is.number, 42)); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.either(assertionA, assertionB)

is(true, is.either(is.boolean, is.string)); // returns true
is("hi", is.either(is.boolean, is.string)); // returns "hi"
is(42, is.either(is.boolean, is.string)); // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.AssertionError

try {
  is(true, is.number);
} catch (err) {
  if (err instanceof is.AssertionError) {
    // an assertion error
  } else {
    // some other unexpected error
  }
}

is.literal(stringLiteral)

is('a', is.literal('a')) // returns 'a'
is(42, is.literal('a')) // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

With strict typing:

let literalAssetion = is.literal<'a'>('a');
// or if syntax above doesn't work due to JSX, Prettier, ESLint etc
import { type Assertion } from 'sarcastic';
let literalAssetion: Assertion<'a'> = is.literal('a');

is('a', literalAssetion) // returns 'a'
is(42, is.literal<'a'>('a')) // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

is.literals(arrayOfStringLiterals)

let literalsAssertion = is.literals([
  'a', 'b', 'c'
]);
is('a', literalsAssertion) // returns 'a'
is('b', literalsAssertion) // returns 'b'
is('c', literalsAssertion) // returns 'c'
is(42, literalsAssertion) // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

With strict typing:

let literalsAssertion = is.literals<'a'|'b'|'c'>([
  'a', 'b', 'c'
]);
// or if syntax above doesn't work due to JSX, Prettier, ESLint etc
import { type Assertion } from 'sarcastic';
let literalsAssertion: Assertion<'a'|'b'|'c'> = is.literals<'a'|'b'|'c'>([
  'a', 'b', 'c'
]);
is('a', literalsAssertion) // returns 'a'
is('b', literalsAssertion) // returns 'b'
is('c', literalsAssertion) // returns 'c'
is(42, literalsAssertion) // throws instanceof is.AssertionError

If you find any bugs or have a feature request, please open an issue on github!

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